Operational teaching, Montessori work materials can also be played like this
Operationalization is closely integrated with physicalization. Young children are not only sensory learners but also action learners. In the traditional early childhood teaching method, the child's operability is seriously insufficient, which leads to the general lack of practicality of Chinese children. The hand is the explicit appearance of the brain and is very important. Therefore, the lack of such education is obvious, and Montessori education attaches great importance to the operability of young children, collectively referred to as "work." Operation runs through the entire education to achieve "hands-on" and promote the purpose of "mind".
In today's free operation work, Yan Yan, Xi Lin and Zi Qi took the three jobs of swatches one, two and three respectively.
Ziqi built a colorful house while working on the swatch three. In the process of spelling, he is particularly focused. The first few builds, the house will continue to collapse, but Ziqi did not give up, but tried again and again. Therefore, each failure makes his attention more focused on his work. When the first house was finally built, Ziqi’s eyes were full of excitement after the challenge. At this time, he tried to build a second house. At this time, Ziqi was cautious. Soon, three houses were built. He is happy to share with Xi Lin next to him. After sharing, Ziqi is going to build another building above the three houses. Xi Lin reminded him not to do that, the house would fall. After thinking about Ziqi, she insisted on her own ideas and started to build. For a moment, all the houses collapsed... At this time, Ziqi neither complained nor was impatient, but was there. After a while, he began to build a house seriously and intently. Finally, after his unremitting efforts, the house was built successfully, and the excitement and excitement filled the face of Ziqi.
Next to the rock rock, a domino was built with a swatch. When she was not careful, she knocked over one of them. At this time, the other swatches are also successively fallen. Seeing here, Rock Rock came to me and said to me: "Teacher, I found that as long as one piece falls down, the others will fall down..." I asked Rock Rock: "Do you know why?" Yan Yan said : "I don't know." I led the rock to stand up in swatches in order, with a larger separation between each other (greater than the length of the swatch). At this time, I pushed down one of the swatches, and the other swatches did not follow. Then, we made another attempt to stand the swatches in the same way, and the spacing between them became smaller (less than the length of the swatch). After setting it up, I pushed down the first swatch, and the other swatches fell down one after the other. Finally, we found a principle - the force is transitive within a certain distance.
The operational form allows the child to experience the joy of hands-on and brain. "I have forgotten it, I have forgotten it; I read it and remembered it; if I did it, I understood it." Montessori provides a physical and operational environment for children to perceive and manipulate. It really reflects playing middle school, doing middle school, and teaching and learning. This is the gospel of the teaching and learning characteristics of Montessori education.